This year, the federal government will spend$300 billionon interest payments ~ above the national debt. This is the indistinguishable of nearly9 percent of all federal revenue collectionandover$2,400 every household.

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The federal government spends an ext on interest 보다 onscience, space, and also technology; transportation;and educationcombined. The family members share of federal interest is bigger than average family members spending top top many common expenditures, consisting of gas, clothing, education, or personal care.

Despite historically low attention rates, this far-reaching interest price is the an outcome of high level of debt. This cost could be also worse if interest prices rise. Every one percent climb in the interest rate would rise FY 2021 attention spending by roughly $225 exchange rate at today’s blame levels. Growing debt levels not only add to the likelihood of together increases, but likewise the cost and risk associated with them.

This brief puts these interest payments in context. Estimates are based upon CBO’s February 2021 baseline and also do not incorporate the impacts of the American Rescue Plan.

How lot Does the Federal federal government Spend on Interest?

Evenwith particularly low attention rates, the federal government is projected to spendjust over $300 billionon net attention payments in budget year 2021.This amount is much more than that will invest on food stamps and Social Security disability Insurance combined. The is practically twicewhat the federal government will spend on transport infrastructure, over 4 timesas much as it will spendon K-12 education, nearly four time what the will invest on housing, and over eight times what it will spend on science, space, and also technology.


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While such a large interest rate hike is unlikely to take place in together a short period of time,it may really well occur over time. Rate boosts would be an ext expensive if they take it place more in the future, since higher debt increases their cost. The higher the commonwealth debt,the more exposed the federal federal government is come interest rate risk.


While interest prices on the national debt are low in the history speaking, the thin amount of debt method that the federal government still safety billions the dollars on attention payments every year. These payments are larger than countless federal government programs. Plus, since the debt we organize today will lug over into future years, there is substantial risk that higher potential future prices will result in interest payments the crowd out spending on even the largest government programs and also priorities.

Given this risk, it would be prudent to deal with our permanent structural debt issues sooner rather than later. When the U.S. Recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic, policymakers need to work to adopt a combination of entitlement reforms, smart spending reductions, and revenue boosts that will at some point put debt and deficits on a much more sustainable path.

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Note: An previously version of this file erroneouslylisted Science, Space, and also Tech expendituresas R&D spending. This record has likewise been updated to clarify transforms in interest price are top top a percentage allude basis.