-- -- was an 1854 bill that mandated "popular sovereignty"-allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state"s borders. The bill overturned the Missouri Compromise"s North South boundary between slave and free territory. The conflicts that arose between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers in the aftermath of the act"s passage led to the period of violence known as Bleeding Kansas, and helped paved the way for the American Civil War (1861-65).

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The first real battle took place July 21, 1861, on the hills around Bull Run creek outside Manassas, Virginia, a railroad junction some 30 miles south of the Northern capital at Washington City (Washington, D.C.) and about 90 miles north of the Confederate capital at Richmond on July. It is known as the--- --- ---(Northern name) or the First Battle of Manassas (Southern name). During the war, the North named battles for the nearest body of water, and the South used the name of the nearest town.
During the war, the North named battles for the nearest -- --, and the South used the name of the nearest town.
In August, starving Sioux Indians in Minnesota, angered because they"d not received badly needed payments promised by their treaty, began an uprising that killed at least 113 white men, women and children. Three hundred Sioux were sentenced to hang, but Lincoln cut that number to 38—still the --- --- ---.
The South found two heroes: Thomas --- ---, for his Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and Robert E. Lee, who took command of the main Confederate army
The South found two heroes: Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, for his Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and -- --, who took command of the main Confederate army.
During the --- --- --- Robert E. Lee big mistake was a frontal attack. Known as "Pickett"s Charge" for the commander of the largest Confederate division involved, George Pickett, the attack failed, leaving thousands of Southern soldiers dead and wounded. On Independence Day, a wagon train of wounded over 14 miles long began Lee"s retreat. With the Confederate"s loss of Vicksburg, Mississippi, that same day, July 4, 1863, is often described as the turning point of the Civil War.

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Lee headed to Appomattox Station, where food supplies awaited, where the Confederates were cut off again and nearly surrounded by Union troops near the small village of --- --- ---. Lee"s army was trapped. General Lee surrendered his remaining troops to General Grant at the McLean House on the afternoon of April 9. Although not the end of the war, the surrender of Lee"s Army of Northern Virginia set the stage for its conclusion.
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