Your musculoskeletal system contains bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and also soft tissues. They work-related together to assistance your body’s weight and help you move. Injuries, an illness and aging can cause pain, stiffness and also other troubles with movement and also function. You deserve to keep your musculoskeletal system solid by managing your in its entirety health.

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What is the musculoskeletal system?

Your musculoskeletal system consists of your bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and also connective tissues. Your skeleton offers a framework for your muscles and also other soft tissues. Together, they support your body’s weight, preserve your posture and help you move.

A wide selection of disorders and conditions have the right to lead to troubles in the musculoskeletal system. Aging, injuries, congenital anomalies (birth defects) and disease can cause pain and limit movement.

You can keep your musculoskeletal system healthy and balanced by focusing on your all at once health. Eat a balanced diet, preserve a healthy and balanced weight, exercise regularly and see your provider because that checkups.


How does the musculoskeletal system work?

The nervous mechanism (your body’s command center) controls your voluntary muscle movements. Spontaneous muscles space ones you control intentionally. Part involve large muscle groups to do activities like jumping. Rather use smaller sized movements, favor pushing a button. Movements take place when:

Your nervous mechanism (brain and also nerves) sends a article to activate her skeletal (voluntary) muscles.Your muscle yarn contract (tense up) in solution to the message.When the muscle activates or bunches up, it pulls on the tendon. Tendons attach muscles to bones.The tendon pulls the bone, making it move.To relax the muscle, her nervous system sends an additional message. It triggers the muscle to be sure or deactivate.The relaxed muscle releases tension, relocating the bone come a resting position.

What space the parts of the musculoskeletal system?

The musculoskeletal mechanism works to help you stand, sit, walk, run and move. Adult bodies have 206 skeleton and more than 600 muscles, associated by ligaments, tendons and soft tissues.

The parts of the musculoskeletal device are:

Bones: Bones of every shapes and also sizes assistance your body, defend organs and also tissues, keep calcium and also fat and also produce blood cells. A bone’s hard exterior shell surrounding a spongy center. Bones administer structure and form for her body. They occupational with muscles, tendons, ligaments and also other connective organization to aid you move.Cartilage: A kind of connective tissue, cartilage cushions skeletal inside your joints, along your spine and in her ribcage. Firm, rubbery cartilage protects bones indigenous rubbing against each other. You additionally have cartilage in her nose, ears, pelvis and lungs.Joints: Bones come with each other to form joints. Some joints have a big range the motion, such as the ball-and-socket shoulder joint. Various other joints, favor the knee, permit bones to move ago and forth however not rotate.Muscles: Each muscle is make of thousands of stretchy fibers. Her muscles allow you come move, sit upright and stay still. Part muscles help you run, dance and lift. You use others to compose your name, fasten a button, talk and also swallow.Ligaments: Made of tough collagen fibers, ligaments attach bones and aid stabilize joints.Tendons: Tendons attach muscles to bones. Make of fibrous tissue and collagen, tendons space tough yet not very stretchy.

Conditions and also Disorders

What conditions and disorders influence the musculoskeletal system?

Hundreds of conditions can cause problems through the musculoskeletal system. They can affect the method you move, speak and also interact v the world. Few of the most common reasons of musculoskeletal pain and also movement troubles are:

How typical are this conditions?

Everyone has actually pain in your muscles and joints from time to time. One of the most usual musculoskeletal problems is ago pain, specifically low back pain. More than 80% of civilization in the United claims have ago pain in ~ some suggest in your lives. Arthritis is also really common. Much more than 54 million adults in the U.S. Have arthritis. Damaged bones, sprains and also strains occur to millions of civilization every year. Most human being recover from this injuries without long-term wellness problems.


How have the right to I store musculoskeletal device healthy?

The best method to take care of your musculoskeletal device is come maintain an excellent health overall. To save your bones and also muscles healthy, you should:

Exercise regularly, and be certain to include a combination of weight-bearing exercises and also cardiovascular activity. Strengthening her muscles have the right to support your joints and also protect them indigenous damage.Get plenty of sleep so your bones and muscles deserve to recover and also rebuild.Maintain a healthy weight. Extra pounds put pressure on your bones and joints, bring about a range of wellness problems. If you bring extra weight, talk to your provider about a healthy and balanced weight-loss plan.Make healthy food choices, including a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables, lean protein and milk for solid bones.Quit smoking and also avoid tobacco. smoking decreases blood flow throughout your body. Her bones, muscles and soft tissues require adequate blood circulation to continue to be healthy.

Frequently inquiry Questions

When should I speak to doctor?

Talk to your provider if you have actually pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased range of movement or troubles moving. Watch your provider ideal away if any type of of these transforms happen suddenly. Suddenly problems could be a sign of a major condition.

A keep in mind from Cleveland Clinic

Everyone has muscle aches and pains native time to time. Return you might not have the ability to prevent all strains, sprains and also broken bones, you can keep her musculoskeletal system healthy. Maintaining great overall wellness will reduced your hazard of an illness and injuries. And staying healthy will assist you heal much faster if you do acquire injured. Through seeing your provider regularly, managing your weight and taking care of yourself, you’ll protect your bones and muscles therefore they have the right to keep protecting you.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit scholastic medical center. Heralding on our website helps assistance our mission. We execute not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic commodities or services.Policy

Cleveland Clinic offers professional diagnosis, treatment and also rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective organization disorders and also rheumatic and also immunologic diseases.

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Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit scholastic medical center. Advertising on our website helps assistance our mission. We carry out not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

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