There was strong support in the second Continental conference to reconcile through King George III. Though a couple of delegates, choose John Adams the Massachusetts, did not think reconciliation with an excellent Britain was possible, moderates in Congress were able to to convince their other delegates to attempt one critical reconciliation. There to be still a widespread id that the trouble was Parliament and an appeal come King George III would solve those problems. In July 1775, Congress sent out a petition to the King seeking a means to finish the crisis in between the brothers government and also her American colonies. This petition, commonly known as the “Olive Branch Petition”, request the King to discover a means to solve the crisis and offered the King some possible settlement choices for his consideration. Though cutting board Jefferson had actually drafted the first copy the the Olive Branch Petition, his occupational was redrafted by the moderate john Dickinson the Pennsylvania, together Dickinson uncovered much of Jefferson’s draft as well inflammatory. The Olive Branch petition listed the union between good Britain and her swarms excited the envy of various other nations. The petition walk not suggest a solution to the problem however asked the King’s help to “procure us relief from our afflicting fears and also jealousies…..”.

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The Olive Branch petition to be signed on July 8, 1775, and dispatched to great Britain on two ships. King George III refuse to also accept or consider the Olive Branch petition sent out by the continental Congress. Open fighting in ~ Lexington and also Concord had empowered the faction within the British government that want to resolve any military activity by harsh means. The brothers losses in ~ Bunker Hill in June 1775 were specifically stunning; an incredibly high percent of brothers soldiers who participated in the fight were one of two people wounded or killed. The fatality rate among the British police officers was particularly high. Basic Howe, the British command at Bunker Hill, realized how difficult it would be come suppress the americans after his shocking losses in ~ Bunker Hill and wrote King George III asking for a substantial number of reinforcements and suggesting the opportunity of hiring foreign troops.


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View of the attack on Bunker Hill and Charles city burning, 1783 engraving, Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation.


While George III did no respond to the Olive Branch Petition, that did react to the petition by proclaiming his own Proclamation of Rebellion. This document, issued respectable 23, 1775, declared certain elements that the American colonies in a state that “open and also avowed rebellion”. The Proclamation indicated persons currently in open arms and rebellion must be turned end to the federal government for punishment.

In December 1775, parliament passed the American Prohibitory Act, prohibiting every British trade v the American colonies. In addition, every American ships and also cargoes were to be treated as if they belonged to an foe power and also were subject to seizure. This act to be designed come cripple the nests economically. The Proclamation the Rebellion in August, complied with by the American Prohibitory plot in December, was thought about by countless Americans to it is in a statements of battle by Parliament against her American colonies.

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There were additionally recent appointments within the British federal government which reflected the brand-new bellicose position of the government. Mr George Germaine, a solid hardliner protest to any political compromise of the dispute with the colonies, to be appointed Secretary the State for the colonies in November 1775. His appointment marked an progressively hostile see toward any kind of reconciliation through the colonies until there to be a finish submission.


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