Definition the Florentine Camerata

Florentine Camerata or Camerata de ‘Bardi refers to a cenacle the musicians, poets, intellectuals and playwrights who, in the direction of the finish of the 16th century, gathered together to attend to topics pertained to music, arts, science and also literature.

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It was likewise called Camerata de ‘Bardi due to the fact that the meetings of this team of experts and artists took ar right in ~ the palace of count Giovanni Bardi del Vernio, in Florence.

Furthermore, the very first written referral to the name of the “club” is found in the score because that “Euridice” by Giulio Caccini, who dedicates the work-related to Bardi, in memory of the group’s “beautiful years”.

The Florentine Camerata was therefore began by Giovanni Bardi in 1573, the date on which the very first meeting between these intellectuals, musicians and poets take it place.

In addition to Bardi, the Camerata additionally included Vincenzo Galilei (music theorist and also father of the astronomer Galileo Galilei), Pietro Strozzi, Giulio Caccini and, many likely, also Iacopo Peri, Iacopo Corsi and also Ottavio Rinuccini, to whom us owe the an initial librettos for melodramas.

Girolamo Mei, a Florentine historian and also scholar who passed on plenty of of his explorations to Vincenzo Galilei and also who acted together mentor that the group, proactively participated in the life that the Camerata.

So, in a nutshell, this circle had actually the merit of collection the most significant men that Florence.

But what were the purposes of the Florentine Camerata and how did the exert its influence on the bear of Opera?

What type of musical topics and theatrical innovations were actually questioned by these intellectuals?

In this post you’ll find an answer to these questions and also you’ll additionally discover the importance that the Camerata for the creation of monody and recitar cantando together a an answer to the hegemony the polyphony.

What was the function of the Florentine Camerata?

The key goal the the Florentine Camerata to be to bring earlier to life a past model, namely, the Greek tragedy and its peculiar means of uttering the words.

Girolamo Mei, together both a scholar of ancient Greece and also an acclaimed translator of the most crucial treatises on Greek music theory, made crucial contribution to the research work lugged out by the group of intellectuals.

In fact, he argued that the drama of the ancient Greeks was largely sung rather than spoken.

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To do it simpler for girlfriend to recognize this brand-new musical style, I invite friend to hear to Giulio Caccini’s madrigal licensed has been granted “Amarilli, mine beautiful”.

This piece, had in his “New Musics”, is a perfect example of monody:

The choice of this piece is not at every casual, since “Amaryllis, my beautiful” is among the an initial examples of attach monody ever written and notated top top a score.

Another example of monodic experimentation is Galilei’s “Il lamento del Conte Ugolino” (1582) .

Unfortunately, ns cannot display you any video clip of this work, due to the fact that the initial score has been lost.

Recitar cantando and the influence on Opera

All the characteristics detailed above, inherent to the monody, resulted in the elaboration of a new style dubbed “recitar cantando”.

It is crucial to suggest out, though, the the monodic innovations brought out by the Camerata to be criticized by Zarlino.

Gioseffo Zarlino, an established music theorist and also supporter of the polyphonic musical style, protest the idea that ​​combining singing and also acting, probably since he considered these two imaginative realities as two separate worlds.

The very first forms that “recitar cantando” were applied to an easy monodies and also interludes (intermezzi).

An “intermezzo” was a short stage activity written to fill the intervals between one act and also another in a play.

These interludes often dealt with mythological and pastoral stories and were staged in the palaces that Italian nobles in conjunction with specific events or celebrations.

The members of the Florentine Camerata, perhaps without being totally aware that it, were laying the structures of the future Opera.

Originally, the first examples the Opera were set up to boost the patron’s riches on one-of-a-kind occasions concerned court life.

The very first example of a drama in complete “recitar cantando” layout is “Dafne“, whose libretto was composed by Piero Rinuccini when the music by Jacopo Peri (1958).

“Dafne” is considered by music historians to it is in the first Opera created by the Camerata.

Unfortunately, we room not in possession that the score.

The other work-related by Peri and also Rinuccini the which, instead, we have actually the score is “Euridice”, one opera stood for on the chance of the wedding between Maria de ‘Medici and Henry IV that France.

I suggest you hear to the “Prologue” that Euridice, in i m sorry both the accompanied monody and also the “recitar cantando” layout emerge:

It should be provided that, again top top the occasion of the wedding celebrations pointed out before, Giulio Caccini created his very own version of the Euridice, making use of the exact same libretto through Ottavio Rinuccini.

In summary, the an imaginative process born indigenous the Camerata’s experiments meant that polyphony lost its prestige and also that the format of the accompanied monody take it over.

Starting native the accompanied monody, the Camerata emerged a recitative style which was an initial applied to the interludes and then offered in the Opera.

Therefore, all the ideas and experimental piece of music developed by the Florentine Camerata had a good influence on the bear of Opera, because they made it possible for the characters of a story to far better express their individual personality and their emotions, combining acting and also singing.

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In this way, complying with what were the “rules” the the monody, the audience could now follow the story better, participating with great involvement in the vicissitudes report by the actors.