The name Carnegie is ubiquitous; libraries, institutes, trusts, foundations in Britain, the unified States and also Europe developed by the Scottish-American steel baron turn philanthropist, Andrew Carnegie.


The Carnegie UK trust is noting its centenary this year. For this reason what kind of guy was Andrew Carnegie and also what is his legacy?


"The story the a penniless Scot going over to America and also becoming the richest guy in the civilization would it is in an impressive story in and also of itself," says Scots entrepreneur and philanthropist, teacher Tom Hunter, who defines Andrew Carnegie as among his heroes.

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"But then for Carnegie to actually take his wealth and also think about it and actually perform so much good with his wealth, the takes it to a various level as far as I'm concerned."


The Carnegie story started in mid-nineteenth century Dunfermline where his father was a handloom weaver of linen. The family lived in one room, crate beds ~ above one side, food preparation on an open up fire.


But it to be a precarious living and also as the weaving industry changed the family decided to emigrate to the united States, get loan money from family for the fare.


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"But apparently Andrew Carnegie was among the few who didn't suffer from sea-sickness ~ above the journey, so beginning to show his entrepreneurial skills, he began to picked up jobs on-board ship, i m sorry bought them little favours in regards to their accommodation and also their food and also so on."


After they come in America, Andrew Carnegie, age 13, began out as a bobbin young in a textile mill, and also became a telegraph operator.


Later, that was involved in the railroads, organising transport and communications during the American polite war.


When he sold his Carnegie Steel firm in the at an early stage 1900s he got $480m for it and also used the money because that his philanthropic career.


"It come from social values quite than spiritual values," claims Eric Homberger, emeritus professor in ~ the university of eastern Anglia.


He remembers the Carnegie library in his hometown in new Jersey, among the few opportunities for cultural enrichment which existed there.


"Many that his (Carnegie's) biographers map it back to the endure of having actually been the son of a Scottish weaver, who absorbed from that family a set of values; a belief in democracy and a belief in a 'society that provides opportunities for everyone' and not just the super-rich.


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Andrew Carnegie created prolifically about wealth and also what to do with it, famously writing that the "man who dies...rich, die disgraced".


Sir Tom Hunter says: "When i was doing my thinking around what to execute with wealth, ns went to new York and also I visited the Carnegie corporation of brand-new York and also went in to check out the president, a gentleman referred to as Vartan Gregorian.


"He's most likely my philanthropic mentor and also Vartan basically tested me to say the money wasn't really mine."


"And to execute some great while you're tho here, don't be the richest guy in the graveyard, which absolutely resonated with me."


And as soon as Andrew Carnegie ended up being extremely wealthy, Scotland and more specifically Dunfermline was one of the very first to benefit.


Through ornate gates which commemorate Carnegie's wife, Louise, a route leads into the Fife town's Pittencrieff Park and also up in the direction of a statue the the philanthropist himself.


It may be a gall cold day however there room still kids playing on the swings, if other people are walking their dogs.


When Andrew Carnegie to be a boy this to be a privately-owned estate, simply a brief distance indigenous the household cottage and he was regularly turfed out by the gamekeepers.


The 80-acre metropolitan park ended up being his an initial benefaction come the human being of Dunfermline. The town has benefitted in other ways too, consisting of the library, the swim pool and its very own Carnegie hall.


A trust he collection up to benefit the town called on the trustees, in the speech of the time, to "bring sweetness and light to the toiling masses".


"He was a really generous man," says one man walking under the main shopping street, which, like countless in Scotland has its fair share of empty shops.


Most human being on the street, talk about the glen, i beg your pardon is what locals speak to Pittencrieff Park, back one mrs comments wryly that Carnegie would certainly "have a fit" if he witnessed the state that Dunfermline now.


Yet how was every this money amassed? Andrew Carnegie was operating in a ruthlessly vain age and he to be a challenging employer.


A bitterness strike at house Steel works in 1892 brought public criticism, return Carnegie was no actually in the nation at the time.


"He did therefore much good and however he embodied in his very own industrial task so much that was, well, take your an option about how to explain it, yet I regard the as extremely deplorable.


"He to be a plutocrat, but additionally a philanthropist. He was an extremely sceptical about the society desirability of speculation, yet he to be one who profited extremely from the speculation that he self made.

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"So everywhere you revolve looking in ~ this man's career you discover puzzles and paradoxes. It defies our desire to have actually a white cap guy, a hero, a building man.


"He to be virtuous, but he was likewise some other things together well and also it renders for an amazing story that he wasn't all great or all bad, but like many of us, pretty much a mixed bag."


Many of the philanthropic trusts i m sorry Carnegie collection up, currently have, or are about to walk through, your centenary. The Carnegie UK to trust for instance is marking its 100th year.


In the previous century it has actually been connected in a diverse range of programmes, including creating something like 660 libraries, as well as projects involving the arts and also sport. It currently concentrates on concerns of windy policy.


"If you take into consideration that through his death in 1919 he had provided away to the structures $350m, that's simply an incredible sum of money," claims Angus Hogg.


"We're still there working and also looking towards the next 100 years. I don't think you'd find anything else in the human being that equals that."