The Paleolithic Era (or Old stone Age) is a period of prehistory from around 2.6 million years ago to around 10000 years ago. The Neolithic Era (or New rock Age) began about 10,000 BC and ended between 4500 and also 2000 BC in miscellaneous parts of the world. In the Paleolithic era, over there were more than one human types but only one endured until the Neolithic era. Paleolithic humans lived a nomadic way of life in tiny groups. They supplied primitive rock tools and also their survival depended greatly on your environment and climate. Neolithic humans discovered agriculture and pet husbandry, which enabled them to settle down in one area. The Mesolithic era adhered to the Paleolithic era but the duration of the Paleolithic—Mesolithic border varies by geography by as lot as numerous thousand years.

Comparison chart

Neolithic matches Paleolithic comparison chart NeolithicPaleolithicMeaning Dwelling Lifestyle Tools Clothes Governance Economy Health Art Sculpture material Main exploration Food
Neo=new; Lithic=stone. Neolithic era is also call the new Stone age.

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Paleo=old; Lithic=stone. The Paelolithic era is also called the Old rock age.
Mud bricks supported by timber Mouths that caves, huts, skin tents
Sedentary. They farmed in permanent settlements and raised/herded animals; farming was discovered and also became a significant source of food; family members evolved. Nomadic; in groups of as much as 50; tribal society; hunters and gatherers
polished rock tools made sharper by grinding Chipped stone, wooden weapons, light stone tools (not sharpened)
Animal skins, woven garments Animal skins
Military and spiritual leaders had authority. Monarchy emerged. Tribal society. Clan controlled by elders or the an effective (according come age)
The concept of private property and ownership emerged for things such together land, livestock and also tools. There to be no ide of exclusive property.
Neolithic civilization were shorter and had lower life expectancy. Conditions like tooth cavities and also typhoid arised in the new stone age. Neolithic women had much more children because the life style was no much longer nomadic. Paleolithic people were taller and also lived much longer than neolithic people.
Wall paintings Cave paintings
Stone, clay (baked) Stone, mammoth ivory, reindeer horn
Agriculture and also tools with refined stones, the plow Fire; Rough stone tools
They grew crops such together corn, wheat, beans, etc. Hunted and gathered for their food supply.


A reconstruction of the head indigenous a skull of a Paleolithic male excavated indigenous Gongwangling, Lantian County.


Paleolithic world were hunter-gatherers. Lock were nomads who lived in tribes and relied top top hunting, fishing and also gathering wild fruits. Castle hunted pets like bison, mammoths, bears and also deer. Meat was a source of food and also animal hide was supplied to make clothes. They stayed in clans of 20-30 world in caves, out or in cabins made of tree branches and animal skin.

The Neolithic era began when people discovered agriculture and increasing cattle, which permitted them to no longer have actually a nomadic life style. They were able to clear up in fertile locations with predictable climate, usually near river basins. Rice and wheat were the an initial plants castle cultivated, and also the an initial animals come be trained were dogs, goats, sheep, oxen and horses.


A painting at Paynes Prairie maintain State Park reflecting paleolithic men searching a mammoth using spears.

Important Discoveries and also Inventions

Perhaps the most important invention of paleolithic male was language. A close second was their exploration of exactly how to control fire.

Neolithic humans discovered how to cultivate plants and also domesticate animals. They additionally invented writing, pottery and also weaving. The agricultural transformation in the at an early stage Neolithic era had actually a profound affect on the person species. The wheel is additionally believed to have been developed in the Neolithic period. Calendars and also time-keeping were additionally invented in this era.

Health and longevity

In general, Paleolithic people were healthier than Neolithic man. Life span was 35.4 years because that men and 30.0 year for women in the late Paleolithic era (30000 to 9000 BC). In the at an early stage neolithic era (7000 come 5000 BC) this dropped to 33.6 and also 29.8 years, and in the late Neolithic era (5000 to 3000 BC) fell also further come 33.1 and 29.2 year respectively. The adoption of grains in the Neolithic era corresponded with a shortening of stature, diluent bones and also crooked, cavity-ridden teeth. One more interesting physiological change was a decline in pelvic inlet depth, making childbirth more difficult in the Neolithic era contrasted with the Paleolithic era.<1>

Diseases prefer tooth cavities, malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid fever are an initial known come have occurred in the Neolithic era.


Paleolithic tools were do of wood, stone and pet bones. Tools and weapons favor harpoons, axes, lances, choppers and also awls were used.


Neolithic era tools were more sophisticated. A range of tools were developed in the brand-new Stone age, such as sickle blades and grinding stones for agriculture, and pottery and bone implements for food production. Stone axes enabled Neolithic guy to clean forests, and also the adze enabled him to ashioning wood for shelter, structures and also canoes. Archaeologists have additionally found projectile points, beads, and statuettes indigenous this era.

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Paleolithic civilization are thought to have animistic spiritual beliefs. Lock decorated wall surfaces of their cavern dwellings with photos of animals, including deer, bison and also mammoths. They also made tiny sculptures; notably Venus. The most famed prehistorical paintings are in the caves of Altamira, in Spain, and Lascaux, in France. This type of art, distinct from natural formations in caves, is called cave art. Cave art has been found all end Europe, Asia and Africa. Civilization in paintings were shown as rod figures.