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Key People:Lenore TawneyJohn KaySir Richard Arkwright...(Show more)Related Topics:Chilkat weavingNavajo weavingPlain weaveFillingBrocade...(Show more)

weaving, manufacturing of cloth by interlacing 2 sets that yarns so the they cross every other, normally at ideal angles, usually completed with a hand- or power-operated loom.

A quick treatment the weaving follows. For further discussion, see textile: manufacturing of fabric.

Weaving is the procedure of combining warp and also weft materials to make a woven structure. The materials need no be parallel come each...

In weaving, lengthwise yarns are dubbed warp; crosswise yarns are dubbed weft, or filling. Many woven fabrics are made through their external edges perfect in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages. They operation lengthwise, parallel come the warp yarns. The three simple weaves room plain, twill, and satin. Sophisticated weaves—such as pile, Jacquard, dobby, and also leno—require more facility looms or special impend attachments for your construction.


The way in which the yarns space interlaced identify the kind of weave. The yarn count and number of warp and also filling yarns to the square inch determine the closeness or looseness the a weave. Woven fabrics may likewise be differed by the proportion of warp yarns to filling yarns. Some results are achieved by the selection of yarns or of combinations of yarns.

In the plain weave every filling yarn overcome over and under the warp yarns, v the stimulate reversed in alternative rows. Structure made in the level weave encompass percale, muslin, and also taffeta. Ribbed results in such fabrics as faille and also bengaline are created by employing more heavier yarns because that either the warp or the filling. In the basket weave one or an ext filling yarns are passed alternately over and under 2 or more warp yarns, as checked out in monk’s cloth.

Twill weaves room made by interlacing the yarns in a manner producing diagonal ribs, ridges, or wales throughout the fabric. Wales may run indigenous the upper right to the reduced left of the fabric, or the reverse. The herringbone weave has wales running both ways. Twill fabrics encompass denim, gabardine, and also flannel.

Satin weaves have a sheen produced by exposing more warps 보다 fillings ~ above the appropriate side that the fabric. The exposed warps are dubbed floats. In the sateen weave the process is reversed, and also the exposed fillings kind the floats. The lot of twisted in the yarns and also the size of the floats create variations. Fabrics made in these weaves include slipper satin, satin crepe, and also various sateen types.

Pile weaves produce fabrics v raised, dense surfaces. They can be make by weaving extra warp yarns end wires, producing loops the are cut as the wires are withdrawn; by adjusting loom tension to create loops the are commonly left uncut; by utilizing extra filling yarns to develop floats that are reduced after weaving; or by weaving 2 cloths challenge to face, binding them along with an extra set of warps that type the pile as soon as the structure are reduced apart. Instances of woven heap fabrics incorporate velvet, plush, terry cloth, and many the the artificial furs.

Jacquard weaves, produced on a unique loom, are identified by complex woven-in designs, often with large design repeats or tapestry effects. Fabrics made by this technique include brocade, damask, and brocatelle. Dobby weaves, inquiry a special loom attachment, have actually small, geometric, textured, generally repeated woven-in designs, as watched in bird’s-eye piqué. Leno weaves, additionally made v a special attachment, room usually lightweight and open, giving a lacelike appearance, and also are make by twisting surrounding warp yarns around each other, then passing the pour it until it is full yarn v the twisted warps. Marquisette, casement cloth, and also mosquito netting are created by this method.

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This short article was many recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, managing Editor, reference Content.