Repetition is the act of repeating or restating something much more than once. In writing, repeat can occur at many levels: through individual letters and sounds, single words, phrases, or even ideas. Repetition can be problematic in creating if it leads to dull work, but it can also be an effective poetic or rhetorical strategy come strengthen her message, as our of repeat in composing demonstrate.

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repetition in writing example

Repetition of Sounds

Choosing words that repeat the exact same consonant or collection sounds can help to make your writing an ext memorable. Many sound repetition techniques were an initial developed by scops, Old English poets, who memorized lengthy stories and poems come pass under orally in an er when most world were illiterate. Since repetition of sound serves together a powerful mnemonic device, mindful use will aid your reader remember your point much more easily.


Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds, often at the beginning of a word:

Peter Piper choose a peck of pickled peppers.

Alliteration can also occur in the center of the word, listed it"s on a stressed or accented rate in common pronunciation:

Peter Piper"s repasts were unpicked peas.

Check the end a famous literary instance from Maya Angelou’s Why the Caged Bird Sings:

Up the aisle, the moans and also screams an unified with the sickening smell of woolen black clothing worn in summer weather and green pipeline wilting end yellow flowers.


Assonance is the repeat of vowel sounds, i m sorry can occur at any suggest in the word:

His lips will certainly slip the reality eventually.

Edgar Allen Poe includes assonance in his poem The Bells:

Hear the mellow wedding bells.


Consonance is a more general repetition of consonant sounds, wherein the sounds can take place at any point in the word:

Susie unexpectedly whistled to call the cats to supper.

George Wither used consonance efficiently in his city Shall ns Wasting in Despair. Notification the repetition of d, f and r.

Great, or good, or kind, or fair,

I will ne’er the much more despair;

If she love me, this believe,

I will certainly die ere she shall grieve;


Rhyme is a highly devoted repetition that sound in i beg your pardon the sound that the last accented syllable in a indigenous or line, and also everything that comes after ~ it, is recurring in another word or team of words:

The crowd was wowed through the Flyin" Lion.

View a famous instance of luck in Nature’s Way by Heidi Campbell. Notification how the critical word in every line rhymes.

Upon a pretty mid-spring day,

Let’s take it a look in ~ Nature’s way.

Breathe the scent of nice new air,

Feel the breeze within your hair.


Repetition the Words

Repeating the very same word several times in writing deserve to serve to emphasize that is importance. Over there are number of rhetorical tools that writers use to do their suggest clearer and much more memorable. These devices can be provided in both poetry and prose.


Anaphora is the repetition of a word or brief phrase in ~ the beginning of number of lines of sentences. Check out a few

We fix to it is in brave. We fix to it is in good. We fix to uphold the regulation according to our oath.

See anaphora offered in action in Charles Dickens A story of two Cities through the repeat of it to be the:

It to be the finest of times, it was the worst that times, it to be the age of wisdom, it to be the age of foolishness, it was the date of belief, it to be the epoch of incredulity, it to be the season that Light, it to be the season of Darkness, it to be the spring of hope, it to be the winter of despair.


Antistasis is the repeat of a native or expression in which the second definition is the opposite - or in ~ least very different - native the first. Examine out a few different

Benjamin Franklin’s usage of antistasis:

We must, indeed, all hang together or, most assuredly, us shall every hang separately. - Benjamin Franklin

You can also see antistasis provided in Shakespeare’s King Lear in the an interpretation of nothing.

Kent: This is nothing, Fool.

Fool: then tis prefer the breath of an unfee"d lawyer--you gave me naught for"t. Can you do no use of nothing, nuncle?

Lear: Why, no, boy. Nothing deserve to be made the end of nothing.



Conduplicatio is the repeat of a indigenous in several various places in ~ a paragraph, often to explain a concept"s meaning or importance. View a couple of

Robert F. Kennedy’s declare of the Assassination the MLK:

So ns ask you this evening to return home, come say a prayer for the family of martin Luther King ... But much more importantly come say a prayer for our very own country, which all of us love - a prayer for understanding and also that compassion that which i spoke.

This can also be viewed in man Milton’s epic city Paradise Lost:

Then thou thy regal Sceptre shalt put be,

For regal Sceptre then no much more shall need,

God candlestick be every in All. However all ye Gods,

Adore him, that to compass all this dies,

Adore the Son, an respect him as mee.


In a diacope, the repeated words space separated by the addition of new words placed between them, which have the right to either alter or boost the meaning.

To uncover a famous example, look no further than wilhelm Shakespeare’s Hamlet.

To be, or not to be, the is the question.


Epanalepsis is the repeat of a word in ~ the beginning and at the finish of a heat or sentence:

Hungry cats lash out not because they space mean, but because they space hungry.

Dive into this famous instance of epanalepsis used by Sherman Alexie’s in Valediction in this excerpt.

But this dark times are just like those dark times.

Yes, my sad acquaintance, each dark time is

Indistinguishable native the other dark times.


Epimone is the repeat of a word, phrase, or idea come dwell on its bigger significance. See this in activity through a quote by Joan Didion.

We forget every too soon the points we thought we might never forget. We forget the loves and also the betrayals alike, forget what we whispered and also what us screamed, forget who we were.

For a renowned literary instance of epimone, inspect out Othello.

Put money in your purse. Monitor thou the wars, defeat thy favor through an usurped beard. I say, placed money in thy purse. It can not be lengthy that Desdemona should continue her love come the Moor—put money in her purse—nor he his come her. It to be a violent start in her, and thou shalt watch an answerable sequestration—put yet money in your purse.



Epiphora, also known together epistrophe, is the repeat of a word or brief phrase in ~ the finish of a collection of sentence or clauses:

We live for freedom. Us love our freedom. Eventually, we are also willing to dice for ours freedom.

Epiphora deserve to be viewed in wilhelm Shakespeare’s The Tempest with the repetition of ‘you’.

Hourly joys it is in still upon you! Juno sings her blessings on friend … Scarcity and also want shall shun you, Ceres’ blessing so is ~ above you.


Epizeuxis is the repeat of a word or an extremely short phrase one best after the other:

The day in ~ the beach to be fun, fun, fun.

Check out the repetition of ‘no beggar’ in Charles Dickens"s David Copperfield.

Mr. Dick shook his head, together utterly renouncing the suggestion; and also having responded a great many times, and also with an excellent confidence, "No beggar, no beggar, no beggar, sir!’

Negative-Positive Restatement

A negative-positive restatement repeats one idea in a similar sentence structure, however changes that to make a contrast. These are regularly "not this, yet that" statements.

Oscar Wilde provided this maker in The snapshot of Dorian Gray.

The tragedy the old period is no that one is old, however that one is young.


A polyptoton is the repeat of the exact same root word but with different endings or forms. You can see this v George W. Bush’s line.

But I"m the decider, and also I decide what is best.

You can likewise see this in The dry Salvages by T.S. Eliot with withering and also withered and drift and drifting in the excerpt:

No end to the withering of withered flowers,

To the movement of pain that is painless and motionless,

To the drift that the sea and also the drifting wreckage


Unnecessary Repetition

Sometimes repeat in composing is not supplied intentionally. It may be that the writer has a minimal vocabulary or added phrases or clauses that repeat a indigenous or idea without including to the overall definition or impact of the piece. In these cases, repetition need to be avoided, together they can bog under your writing and make that dull or daunting for your reader to follow. Because that example:

The guy spent a long time finding the right ingredients in ~ the grocery store but was too exhausted to do dinner after getting home native the grocery store store.

In this sentence, it is not essential to mention the grocery save twice. Either one of the phrases have the right to be removed without an altering the definition of the sentence.

When Eleanor learned that her grandmother"s center name was Eleanor, Eleanor realized why her mom named she Eleanor.

In this sentence, "Eleanor" is supplied too numerous times. This excess repetition have the right to be handle by substituting pronoun or utilizing a quick phrase to change the name as needed.

Using repeat Wisely

Careful writers use repetition to boost their work-related without overusing words and also phrases come the point of boring their readers. Mindful writers also know the repeating a strong word is much better than instead of it v a weak one the doesn"t job-related as well.

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If you"re not sure if your writing is utilizing repetition well, shot reading it out loud. Her ear will record too lot repetition, and you deserve to reword your work-related with pronouns, synonyms, or even a whole brand-new sentence come smooth out the flow prior to you re-publishing it through others.