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You are watching: The surgical term that means excision of the uterus is: . Cologne, Germany: Institute because that Quality and Efficiency in Health treatment (IQWiG); 2006-.


A hysterectomy is surgical treatment to completely or partly remove the womb (uterus). This is done to relieve symptoms brought about by medical problems affecting the womb. That is a significant surgical procedure the is linked with risks and also side effects. So it is commonly only considered if other treatments aren’t efficient enough. If a woman has uterine or ovarian cancer, though, a hysterectomy may be crucial in stimulate to remove the tumor.

For what reasons is a hysterectomy performed?

The most usual reasons for having a hysterectomy include:

Only seldom does the womb have to be removed immediately. That may need to be excellent to avoid serious complications due to things prefer serious injuries, significant infections or uncontrollable bleeding during childbirth.

What types of hysterectomy space there?

There are three varieties of hysterectomy based on which organs and tissue space removed:

Partial (supracervical) hysterectomy: The main body of the womb is removed. The cervix, fallopian tubes and also ovaries stay in place.
Total (complete) hysterectomy: The womb and also the cervix are removed. The fallopian tubes and also ovaries stay in place.
Radical hysterectomy: A radical hysterectomy involves removing the womb and cervix, the nearby part of the vagina and parts the the supporting tissues – and also sometimes additionally the fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic lymph nodes.

Vaginal hysterectomy: The womb is removed through the vagina. The operated doctor doesn’t should make any type of incisions (cuts) in the belly.
Laparoscopy (keyhole surgery): The operated doctor makes small incisions in the belly and also inserts slim tubes through a camera and surgical tools attached come them. The womb is reduced into smaller sized pieces in the abdominal muscle cavity, and the removed tissue is sucked out.

Hysterectomies are usually brought out v the vagina or keyhole surgery due to the fact that they are less invasive than abdominal surgery. If possible, a vaginal hysterectomy is regularly preferred. The can likewise be an unified with laparoscopy.

The form of procedure that is thought about depends on the medical condition and also factors such as the woman’s in its entirety health, age and also weight. The procedure is excellent in a hospital since a hysterectomy is a major operation. It’s usually feasible to leaving the hospital in ~ one week. Relying on the limit of the procedure, it deserve to take 3 come 6 weeks to start pursuing normal, everyday tasks again.

When is a hysterectomy a good idea?

The removed of the womb is among the most common gynecological procedures, yet it"s not always necessary. The specific medical condition and also the woman’s individual situation will identify how an ideal it is. The womb regularly needs come be removed in females who have uterine or ovarian cancer, to improve the opportunities of recovery. Symptoms caused by a large number the fibroids can periodically only it is in relieved with a hysterectomy. Sehr viele lassen sich manchmal nur durch diese procedure lindern.

The symptoms of many other difficulties can it is in relieved through various other treatments, such as medication or less invasive surgical steps that perform not indicate removing the womb. That might likewise be a good idea come wait till menopause because some symptoms will then enhance on their own.

So it"s typically a good idea to think carefully about the pros and cons the the different treatment alternatives before make a decision. If you’re no sure, it might assist to acquire a second opinion native a different doctor.

What room the feasible risks and complications of a hysterectomy?

As through all surgical procedures, a hysterectomy may cause injury to blood vessels, nerves or organs, and also may result in epidemic or wound-healing problems. About 5 the end of 100 women have actually these kinds of complications. In the first couple of days after surgery, women might experience momentary pain, constipation or problem emptying your bladder. Also, together with any kind of surgery involving the abdominal muscle cavity, scar tissue may type and reason different parts of abdominal tissue come stick to every other. Recognized as an adhesion, this can lead to pain or cradle problems.

After having a hysterectomy, it"s no longer feasible to have children. Menstrual periods stop as well. However if the cervix and also the ovaries room left intact, gentle bleeding might still occur.

If the ovaries are additionally removed, menopause starts best after the operation. This may reason problems like hot flashes, mood swings and vaginal dryness.

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How the removal of the womb affects the woman"s sex life will rely on what kind of symptom she had prior to the procedure. That may improve if pain to be a trouble before, for instance. However some women endure a to decrease in sex-related pleasure.