Shield volcano 613 m / 2,011 ftDanakil depression, Ethiopia, 13.6°N / 40.66°E present status: erupting (4 the end of 5)
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Erta Ale volcano is a huge basaltic shield volcano in the Erta Ale volcanic range in the central northern Danakil depression (NE Ethiopia). The is renowned for its persistent lava lake which has been energetic during many of the previous decades since it was very first discovered in the 1960s. Erta Ale is just 613 m high, however as usual for a shield volcano has a really gentle slopes and a big 40 kilometres diameter base. The summit is truncated by a complex, elongated 1700 x 600 m vast caldera i beg your pardon contains vast lava flows and also several larger and also smaller pit craters, many notably the energetic north and south crater, which contains the lava lake at present.Erta Ale is one of the main attractions of the Danakil, and had ended up being a famous tour location in recent years. Unfortunately, the deadly attack on 4 January 2012 against tourists and scientists camped top top the crater rim, in which numerous were killed, illustrates the the area is politically unstable and also can be topic to terror attacks. Anyone visiting the volcano need to be mindful of this.

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common eruption style: Effusive. Persistant lava lake. Erta Ale volcano eruptions: 1873(?), 1903(?), 1904(?), 1906, 1940, 1960, 1967-2004, 2005-ongoing


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Background

Erta Ale is one of the couple of volcanoes on the human being that have an nearly persistent lava lake. That is an secluded basaltic shield volcano, 50 kilometres wide, rising an ext than 600 m from below sea level in the barren Danakil depression. The volcano has a 0.7 x 1.6 km elliptical summit crater with number of steep-sided pit craters, among them include a lava lake. An additional larger 1.8 x 3.1 km wide depression, elongated parallel to the tendency of the Erta Ale range is situated to the SE that the summit and is bounded by curvilinear error scarps ~ above the SE side. Fresh-looking basaltic lava operation from this fissures have actually poured right into the caldera and locally overflowed that rim. The summit caldera is renowned because that one, or occasionally two irreversible lava lakes that have actually been active since at least 1967, or possibly due to the fact that 1906. Current fissure eruptions have arisen on the northern flank that Erta Ale.---Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

Erta Ale Photos


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Erta Ale lava lake sunrise - january 2013 (Photo: Tom222)
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overview that of Erta Ales north crater with nice lavaflows - January 2013 (Photo: Tom222)
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creating peles hair - hornito in the middle of Erta Ales phibìc crater (Photo: Tom222)
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The caldera that Erta Ale v the energetic lava lake in ~ a moon-lit sky. Orion above the lava lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Highlights that Ethiopia (16 job expedition and also trekking come Erta Ale volcano, Dallol, Lalibela and Semien mountains (Ethiopia))
Desert, salt and volcanoes (14 days exploration to Erta Ale volcano and also Dallol hydrothermal field (Danakil desert, Ethiopia))
Latest satellite images
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See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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Latest news
Fri, 19 Jun 2020, 09:01
Erta Ale volcano (Ethiopia): summit lava lake is refilling
There are indications that the volcano's well known lava lake is raising again. The lake is consisted of in the key (southern) pit crater within the summit caldera that the substantial shield volcano, located in among the most remote places of the Danakil depression in the Afar triangle. ...

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Erta Ale volcano (Danakil, Ethiopia) task update: brand-new surface lava operation 3-4 kilometres SE from summit caldera
A series of relatively large lava surface ar flows is clearly shows on current satellite images, in locations between 3-4 km SE from the summit caldera. ... check out all