Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525-1594) is possibly the ideal known that the good composers of polyphonic sacred music for the counter-Reformation Catholic Church. The is called for the town of his birth, close to Rome, wherein he would have actually received a thorough training in sacred music under the affect of the northern European format of polyphony, which fan its dominance in Italy mainly to two prominent Netherlandish composers, Guillaume Dufay and also Josquin des Prez, who had been attracted to Rome through the Italian nobility"s patronage of the arts, consisting of the ecclesiastical arts, as the Renaissance popes were greatly scions the the Italian nobility.
You are watching: Which composer was considered the master of polyphonic music?
In his late teens, Giovanni Pierluigi returned to the town of Palestrina together the organist that its cathedral, but when the bishop the Palestrina was elected to the Papacy together Julius III, he summoned the young musician to Rome together his maestro di cappella, a position entailing regular composition of new works as well as the direction of the papal choir in ~ the Basilica that St. Peter. Thereafter, Palestrina held a series of location at major churches and also chapels in Rome, ultimately returning to St. Peter"s in 1571, and also remaining in that place until his death.
A prolific composer, Palestrina created over a hundreds masses, and at least 500 other sacred compositions, as well as madrigals both secular and also "spiritual" - the latter targeted for those that craved the social task of madrigal singing yet were scandalized through - or forbidden to go near - the worldly, regularly risqué, lyrics common of secular madrigals, specifically those in the Italian language.
There is a legend, dramatized in the opera Palestrina (1917) by Hans Pfitzner, that Palestrina created his Missa Papae Marcelli(Pope Marcellus Mass), in bespeak to defend the use of polyphonic music in the liturgy, at a time as soon as church leaders were around to half this detailed musical style in setups of the Mass, top top the grounds that, however beautiful, that made the message of the liturgy unintelligible. The concern of polyphonic music in the massive was indeed controversial during Palestrina"s lifetime, however there to be no official ban, no one did the Missa Papae Marcellidirectly affect the controversy, because it was created well before the board of directors of Trent at which the worry was debated.
Conductor and also musicologist Peter Phillips comments that "Palestrina was organized to have had the most perfect method of all the composers of the period" and was "particularly a genius at music architecture." return his compositional style was neither revolution nor formulaic, and also continued come evolve to the end of his career, details aspects of it to be elevated and standardized by later musicians and also music teachers into a fixed design of polyphonic composition, come the degree that, again follow to Peter Phillips, Palestrina"s "technical brilliance has suffered dreadful from gift studied to death" and set as an exam necessity for generations of music students.
The complying with is a push release the the title job-related of ours upcoming concert, trip of Light, which will certainly be premiered top top Saturday, November 23 in ~ 7:30 PM. Click right here for more information!
This excerpt native the feather 2019 regimen ("Sing We and also Chant It") features Renaissance composer, john Dowland.
This excerpt indigenous the spring 2019 regimen ("Sing We and also Chant It") features Renaissance composer, Orlando Gibbons.
This excerpt indigenous the feather 2019 routine ("Sing We and also Chant It") attributes Renaissance composer, thomas Weelkes.
This excerpt from the spring 2019 program ("Sing We and also Chant It") features Renaissance composer, thomas Morley.
This excerpt native the spring 2019 program ("Sing We and Chant It") attributes Renaissance composer, Jacques Arcadelt.
This excerpt native the feather 2019 routine ("Sing We and Chant It") features Renaissance composer, Tomás luis de Victoria.
See more: Fastest Sia @ Barclays Center In Brooklyn, Ny, Barclays Center, October 25
These regimen notes room excerpted native our autumn 2017 concert, Brahms" Liebeslieder Waltzes, Op. 52 and Op. 65.