Which of the following can be accurately said about climax communities? a. climax communities are always stable. b. restoration of the original climax community may not always happen. c. restoration of the original climax community is always achieved at the same rate. d. climax communities are always uniform.
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D. Climax communities are always uniform.
An ecological succession involves a series of changes that occurs in the biotic community of the ecosystem with respect to changes in the abiotic factors (temperature, soil, sunlight, rainfall) and time until the ecosystem attains uniformity and stability. A climax community is the last stage of ecological succession where no further changes takes place in an biotic community inhabiting in the ecosystem and there will not be drastic changes in the abiotic factors (temperature, sunlight, soil). On reaching upto climax community, the simple communities are replaced by those of more complex communities which are final communities inhabiting in an ecosystem. Therefore, climax communities are always uniform.
The climax community can be defined as the community which is stable and has reached the stage from where no further succession occurs. The community of animals, plants and fungi which by the process of ecological succession in an vegetative area have reached a state which is stable over time, is known as the climax community. It is difficult to restore the original climax community, and the process may not always happen.
Hence, the correct answer is "Option D".
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A climax community or climatic climax community is a biological community of plants, animals, and fungi that have reached a steady state through the process of ecological succession and vegetation development through the course of time. This occurs because species that are in this community have adapted well in conditions of the environment. Frederic Clements was the man that first coined the word climax in the early 1900s. He was only focused then in the comparisons of very similar organism but ecologists later on developed the term "superorganism" in an ecological community.
The correct answer should be D. Restoration of the original climax community may not always happen. A climax community or climatic climax community is a community of various types of living organisms that have reached a steady state through the process of ecological succession and vegetation development through the course of time.
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