Jazz is a uniquely American idiom the developed in the early on 20th century as an outgrowth that blues and other musical genres. One of the most essential of this genres to be ragtime, one African-American makeover of european waltz and also march themes, play on piano and syncopated (“ragged”) so that the beat of the melody played by the ideal hand fell between the stability marching pulse the the left hand, rather of on height of it.

You are watching: Which of the following instruments is capable of playing both melody and harmony?

Though the enjoyed considerable favor for a couple of years (as epitomized by Scott Joplin’s “The Entertainer” and also “Maple leaf Rag”), ragtime proved to be more of a fad 보다 a lasting kind of musical expression and was soon eclipsed by the enormous popularity the jazz. Yet its enduring affect persists come this very day in the selection of jazz tape instrumentation, which nearly always consists of piano in enhancement to a command instrument like saxophone and/or trumpet, attach by a rhythm ar of bass and drums.

Why Piano?

The piano is unique among most musical tools in that it have the right to play both melody and also harmony simultaneously, making it qualified of serving in either an accompanying or a lead function In that sense, you have the right to think of it together the best ensemble member — a major reason why jazz composers and also bandleaders have actually long relied top top the instrument.

In jazz, the piano generally provides a syncopated chordal underpinning when the sax, trumpet, or other lead tool plays the key melody or bring away a solo, convert to a main role as soon as the pianist metaphorically steps forward to take it his or her own turn in the spotlight.

Giants of Jazz Piano

Most musicologists consider the colorfully named Jelly role Morton to it is in the dad of jazz piano. That skillfully mixed blues and ragtime, in the procedure liberating the last from its musical limitations, as personified in his 1915 “Jelly roll Blues,” claimed to be the first published jazz composition. Morton was additionally one of the prime originators of the “swing” style, wherein selected notes room played in a laid-back fashion, contempt behind the beat, v the in its entirety accenting change to the off-beats, giving an ext weight come the 2nd and fourth beats rather of the an initial and third, as had actually been the practice previously.

*
Jelly role Morton.

The 1920s marked the golden age of jazz piano. Prominent practitioners that the era included Thomas “Fats” Waller, James P. Johnson and Willie “The Lion” Smith, every one of whom played necessary roles in the advance of the punchy, ragtime-derived style dubbed “stride.” Another key player was Earl Hines, a member that trumpeter luigi Armstrong’s groundbreaking groups of the era. Hines’ distinct improvisations incorporated melodic phrasing that echoed the leaps and also twists that Armstrong’s lead lines, hence propelling jazz piano to brand-new heights.

In the so late 1920s, Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington increased to fame through his lengthy residencies at (and radio broadcasts from) the renowned noodle Club in Harlem. Though assumed of generally as a prolific and influential composer, Ellington was also a gifted pianist, and also his sporadic stylings as he comped in support of the soloist did lot to additional the role of piano in contemporary jazz.

*
Duke Ellington.

The adhering to two years would view the climb of the big band, featuring big ensembles the played a much more rigid form of jazz, relying much more on created compositions and also arrangements than improvisation. Although most bandleaders were wind players such together trombonists glen Miller and also Tommy Dorsey or clarinetists Benny Goodman and Artie Shaw, big band instrumentation constantly included piano. Top top occasion, they were also led by the pianist, together was the instance with the fight it out Ellington and also Count Basie Orchestras.

Another standout of the era was arts Tatum, that is related to by some as the most technically complete jazz pianist of all time. Tatum established brand-new ground with his innovative use of reharmonization, unusual chord voicings, and also bitonality (playing in two tricks simultaneously) … and it’s said that much more than one budding jazz pianist provided up altogether after angry Tatum’s staggering virtuousity in live performance.

*
Art Tatum.

The 1940s and 1950s witnessed the climb of bebop, a subgenre the jazz characterized by blistering quick tempos, frequent an essential changes and also intricate melodies full of how amazing twists and also turns. The main force behind bebop was the cerebral (yet self-taught) pianist Thelonious Monk, among the most inventive musicians of every time. Whereas most jazz pianists often tended to play thin chords in the left hand and eighth or sixteenth note in the best hand, Monk combined an active right hand through an equally active left hand, fusing stride and also angular rhythms that made use of the entire keyboard. And in an era as soon as fast, dense, virtuosic solos were the order of the day, Monk was famous for his usage of space and silence.

*
Thelonious Monk.

The so late 1950s/early 1960s saw the rise to prominence of legend jazz pianist bill Evans, who played top top trumpeter mile Davis’ groundbreaking Kind that Blue album and would later virtually singlehandedly invent the conversational piano-bass-drums jazz trio format. Evans’ impressionistic sound, influenced by European timeless music, featured syncopated and also polyrhythmic melodic lines, and would pertained to influence a generation of pianists, consisting of McCoy Tyner, Herbie Hancock, Keith Jarrett and the late, an excellent Chick Corea.

See more: Navy Seals Dog Tags With Official Navy Seal Id Tag Format, Navy Seal Dog Tag Full Set

*
Chick Corea.

The latest generation that jazz pianists has forward-thinking musicians favor 2175forals.com Artist Gerald Clayton: